What are the Research Needs for the Field of Disaster Nursing? An International Delphi Study

Ranse et al. (2014) full text summary PDF

For which topic were research priorities identified?

disaster nursing

In which location was the research priority setting conducted?

Asia - India; Asia - Japan; Australia - Australia; Europe - Finland; Europe - France; Europe - Portugal; North America - Canada; North America - USA; South America - Brazil

Why was it conducted at all?

Internationally there is an increasing amount of peer-reviewed literature pertaining to disaster nursing. The literature includes personal anecdotes, reflections, and accounts of single case studies. Furthermore, issues such as the willingness of nurses to assist in disasters, the role of nurses in disasters, leadership, competencies, and educational preparedness for nurses have been the focus of the literature. While the volume of research and evaluation of disaster research pertaining to nursing is increasing, it is beneficial to have an agreed list of research areas that would assist the larger nursing population in enhancing the theoretical understanding of disaster nursing. This enhanced understanding of disaster nursing would better prepare the nursing population to assist in, and take a leading role in, nursing aspects of disasters.

What was the objective?

to determine the international research priorities for disaster nursing

What was the outcome?

a ranking list of 10 research topics

How long did the research prioritization take?

No information provided.

Which methods were used to identify research priorities?

Delphi

How were the priorities for research identified exactly?

Step 1: Delphi round 1: workshop to generate statements relating to possible research questions, 39 statements generated, duplicate statements combined while some statements split, yielding total of 38 statements. Step 2: Delphi round 2: survey: participants were asked to rate each of the 38 statements, 12 additional statements were generated. Step 3: Delphi round 3: survey with 31 statements, participants were asked to re-rate statements

Which stakeholders took part?

Nurses as members of the world association for disaster and emergency medicine (WADEM) and the world society of disaster nursing (WSDN). Delphi round 1: 14 participants. Delphi round 2: 23 participants. Delphi round 3: 16 participants.

How were stakeholders recruited?

Participants were recruited via Congress on Disaster and Emergency Medicine. Also, nursing members from WADEM and the World Society of Disaster Nursing (WSDN) were recruited in a purposive manner using an e-mail distributed via the existing membership databases of WADEM and WSDN.

Were stakeholders actively involved or did they just participate?

Stakeholders were mere participants of the research prioritization process; they were not actively involved in the process.