Voices from Practice: Mental Health Nurses Identify Research Priorities

Davidson et al. (1997) full text summary PDF

For which topic were research priorities identified?

mental health

In which location was the research priority setting conducted?

North America - Canada

Why was it conducted at all?

In light of current economic realities and limited human resources, the careful identification and setting of research priorities is becoming critical. A strong commitment to research-based practice will be a requirement for all nurse practitioners, educators, administrators, and researchers in the new millennium.

What was the objective?

to identify and prioritize research questions arising from mental health nurses' current and future practice that have the greatest potential to positively affect the care and welfare of mental health consumers

What was the outcome?

a list of 12 research questions

How long did the research prioritization take?

No information provided.

Which methods were used to identify research priorities?

Delphi; focus group

How were the priorities for research identified exactly?

Step 1: Delphi round 1: participants were asked to generate five research questions believed to have the potential to enhance the outcomes for consumers (clients/patients) of current and future mental health services, 252 questions submitted. Step 2: data processing: data cleaning, 88 questions remained. Step 3: Delphi round 2: participants were asked to rate each question. Step 4: Delphi round 3: participants were asked to provide rationale to either support or to clarify their position for questions they ranked outside of the bounds of 70% of the other responses. Step 4: Delphi round 4: participants were asked to rank the 88 questions considering their peers' comments from round 3. Step 5: multiple focus groups: maximum of 6 participants per group, participants were asked to rank the questions clustered under each category in terms of research urgency and then to rank order the nine categories, participants also asked to comment on direction for future researchers and/or funding agencies, finally each participant was given 10 markers and asked to identify on a card the categories in most need of research

Which stakeholders took part?

Nurses. Delphi round 1: 92 participants. Delphi round 2: 68 participants. Delphi round 3: 55 participants. Focus group: sample of Delphi round 1 participants.

How were stakeholders recruited?

Convenience sample: The directors of nursing divisions of each selected operational unit were asked to identify potential participant-nurses whom they believed would meet the following selection criteria: have at least 5 years of clinical experience in mental health nursing; viewed by their peers as particularly fin tune with patients/clients needs; are aware of aspects of nursing practice for which the scientific basis is inadequate or the outcome of an intervention uncertain; and are interested and willing to participate in the study.

Were stakeholders actively involved or did they just participate?

Stakeholders were mere participants of the research prioritization process; they were not actively involved in the process.