Using a Delphi Process to Define Priorities for Prison Health Research in Canada

Kouyoumdjian et al. (2016) full text summary PDF

For which topic were research priorities identified?

prison health

In which location was the research priority setting conducted?

North America - Canada

Why was it conducted at all?

A large number of Canadians spend time in correctional facilities each year, and they are likely to have poor health compared to the general population. Relatively little health research has been conducted in Canada with a focus on people who experience detention or incarceration.

What was the objective?

to define priorities for research in prison health in Canada for the next 10 year

What was the outcome?

a ranking list of 45 research topics

How long did the research prioritization take?

December 2014 - May 2015

Which methods were used to identify research priorities?

Delphi

How were the priorities for research identified exactly?

Step 1: Delphi round 1: participants were asked to list 5 to 10 research priorities for prison health research in Canada for the next 10 years, 410 topics suggested. Step 2: data processing: topics collated into 71 discrete priorities. Step 3: Delphi round 2: participants were asked to indicate for each question whether they agreed with the question being a priority, consensus was achieved for 45 of 71 topics

Which stakeholders took part?

Researchers, persons working in federal and provincial government agencies, persons working in non-governmental organizations and persons with a history of detention or incarceration in provincial or federal facilities in Canada. Delphi round 1: 59 participants. Delphi round 2: 67 participants.

How were stakeholders recruited?

The project team invited persons to participate who had published research on prison health in Canada since 1994, as identified in a scoping review,5 or persons who were knowledgeable about and interested in prison health research who were in the professional networks of the study investigators. These persons included researchers, persons working in federal and provincial government agencies, persons working in non-governmental organizations and persons with a history of detention or incarceration in provincial or federal facilities in Canada.

Were stakeholders actively involved or did they just participate?

Stakeholders were mere participants of the research prioritization process; they were not actively involved in the process.