Setting Research Priorities to Reduce Global Mortality from Childhood Pneumonia by 2015

Rudan et al. (2011) full text summary PDF

For which topic were research priorities identified?

childhood pneumonia

In which location was the research priority setting conducted?


Why was it conducted at all?

Pneumonia is the leading single cause of mortality in children aged less than 5 years with approximately 1.6 million children dying each year. This accounts for almost one in five under-5 deaths worldwide. Furthermore, approximately 155 million new episodes of clinical pneumonia occur in children under 5 years of age annually.

What was the objective?

to identify childhood pneumonia research priorities

What was the outcome?

a ranking list of 16 research questions

How long did the research prioritization take?

No information provided.

Which methods were used to identify research priorities?

CHNRI approach

How were the priorities for research identified exactly?

Step 1: collecting input from investors/policymakers. Step 2: collecting research priorities: list of research questions drafted based on systematic reviews and survey of experts, initially more than 500 questions proposed, questions organized using the CHNRI framework and compressed into smaller number (158 questions), expert group reviewed questions and refined and reformulated questions if necessary. Step 3: prioritization: final questions were sent to technical group members, members were asked to score each question along criteria. Step 4: weighting criteria: stakeholders were asked how to weight scoring criteria

Which stakeholders took part?

Experts in the field of childhood pneumonia. 45 participants.

How were stakeholders recruited?

Individuals with a wide range of technical expertise and regional representation were recruited to participate.

Were stakeholders actively involved or did they just participate?

Stakeholders were mere participants of the research prioritization process; they were not actively involved in the process.