Research Priorities of VA Nurses: A Delphi Study

Alderson et al. (1992) full text summary PDF

For which topic were research priorities identified?

VA nursing

In which location was the research priority setting conducted?

North America - USA

Why was it conducted at all?

Nurses provide care. They are in a unique position to systematically evaluate effectiveness of treatments, procedures, medications, interventions and therapies.

What was the objective?

to identify and prioritize researchable nursing questions with a long-term goal of establishing collaborative research projects between staff and Nursing Research Committee members

What was the outcome?

a ranking list of 10 research questions

How long did the research prioritization take?

No information provided.

Which methods were used to identify research priorities?

Delphi

How were the priorities for research identified exactly?

Step 1: Delphi round 1: participants were asked to list one ore more researchable questions of top priority, more than 200 questions submitted. Step 2: data processing: nurse experts consolidated and reduced number of questions to 175. Step 3: Delphi round 2: participants were asked to rate importance of each question. Step 4: Delphi round 3: participants were asked to re-rate importance of each question based on descriptive statistics of round 2

Which stakeholders took part?

Staff and head VA nurses of one medical center. Overall, 62 nurses participated in each of the 3 Delphi rounds. This included head nurses and staff nurses from gerontology, homecare, intensive care, medicine, surgery, and psychiatry.

How were stakeholders recruited?

All staff and head nurses employed at the Medical Center and involved in the delivery of direct patient care comprised the population of choice for this Delphi study. Communication regarding the study and a request for participation were presented on posters placed on nursing units prior to distribution of the questionnaire. One week prior to beginning the study, members of the Nursing Research Committee presented the study procedure to head nurses during key management meetings and requested support from them and their staff. Committee members also requested participation of staff nurses at the unit level during staff meetings.

Were stakeholders actively involved or did they just participate?

Stakeholders were mere participants of the research prioritization process; they were not actively involved in the process.