Research Priorities in Correctional Nursing Practice: Results of a Three-Round Delphi Study

Schoenly (2015) full text summary PDF

For which topic were research priorities identified?

correctional nursing practice

In which location was the research priority setting conducted?

North America - USA

Why was it conducted at all?

Correctional nursing has been recognized as a specialty since 1985, but research to describe and support nursing practice in the criminal justice system has been sparse. The development of a research agenda can stimulate the research necessary to provide an evidence base for specialty practice development.

What was the objective?

to elicit a prioritized list of research topics to guide future research efforts for meaningful results

What was the outcome?

a ranking list of 12 research questions

How long did the research prioritization take?

6 months

Which methods were used to identify research priorities?


How were the priorities for research identified exactly?

Step 1: Delphi round 1: survey asking: What are the most significant problems or questions affecting correctional nursing practice that can be solved or answered through nursing research?. Step 2: data processing: submissions collapsed into 79 research questions. Step 3: Delphi round 2: survey asked participants to rate importance of the 79 research questions. Step 4: Delphi round 3: participants were asked to re-rate importance based on group mean ratings of round 2

Which stakeholders took part?

Correctional nursing experts: nurses who worked in U.S. jails and prisons. 18 participants in all 3 rounds.

How were stakeholders recruited?

Study participants were invited to the panel based on their experience and knowledge regarding correctional nursing practice.

Were stakeholders actively involved or did they just participate?

Stakeholders were mere participants of the research prioritization process; they were not actively involved in the process.