Identifying Research Priorities in Long Term Care Homes

Brazil et al. (2012) full text summary PDF

For which topic were research priorities identified?

long-term care

In which location was the research priority setting conducted?

North America - Canada

Why was it conducted at all?

Concerns about the quality of care in long term care (LTC) homes range from inadequate daily care to understaffing and insufficient funding. LTC decision makers are challenged to keep up with the changing demographics of residents admitted to LTC who have increasingly complex care needs. Decisions regarding LTC policies and procedures need to be informed by research that identifies the most effective and efficient care practices.

What was the objective?

to identify research priorities to guide improvement in the quality of care in long term care homes

What was the outcome?

a list of 9 research topics

How long did the research prioritization take?

8 weeks, 2006

Which methods were used to identify research priorities?

survey

How were the priorities for research identified exactly?

Step 1: survey: participants were asked to submit the five research questions that they thought were most important to guide the improvement of care in long-term homes. Step 2: data processing: thematic analysis, responses organized into nine overarching topic themes

Which stakeholders took part?

Directors of long term care (LTC) homes: 134 LTC directors participated.

How were stakeholders recruited?

The Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care provided to the research team a list of all licensed LTC homes within the province of Ontario (N=554). A representative random sample of 250 LTC homes was drawn from the database of 554 LTC homes. For half of the sampled LTC homes (N=125) executive directors were mailed the survey. For the other 125 LTC homes, directors of care were mailed the survey.

Were stakeholders actively involved or did they just participate?

Stakeholders were mere participants of the research prioritization process; they were not actively involved in the process.