Global Research Priorities for Interpersonal Violence Prevention: A Modified Delphi Study

Mikton et al. (2017) full text summary PDF

For which topic were research priorities identified?

interpersonal violence prevention

In which location was the research priority setting conducted?

international

Why was it conducted at all?

Research has a major role to play in reducing the global burden of interpersonal violence, by: (i) clearly defining the magnitude and distribution of violence; (ii) identifying risk and protective factors; (iii) developing effective interventions that target these factors to prevent and respond to violence; and (iv) increasing understanding of the legislative and policy environment and the human, institutional and financial resources required to scale up effective interventions. However, current research remains under-resourced relative to the burden of the problem, it is fragmented and disproportionately focused on high-income countries. A systematic and transparent pro cess of establishing global research priorities can provide useful guidance on allocating scarce resources more equitably and on developing a coherent research agenda.

What was the objective?

to establish global research priorities for interpersonal violence prevention using a systematic approach

What was the outcome?

a ranking list of 34 research questions

How long did the research prioritization take?

October 2010 - September 2013

Which methods were used to identify research priorities?

Delphi

How were the priorities for research identified exactly?

Step 1: Delphi round 1: generating initial research questions, 158 research items were submitted. Step 2: data processing: collating and refining, grouping into themes. Step 3: Delphi round 2: participants were asked to rate the questions. Step 4: Delphi round 3: using CHNRI method: participants were asked to rate each of the 34 more detailed intervention research questions along five criteria

Which stakeholders took part?

Experts in violence prevention. 95 participants.

How were stakeholders recruited?

Potential respondents were first identified through the extensive global network of collaborators in WHO's Prevention of Violence Unit and the Violence Prevention Alliance. In addition, the project team asked potential respondents to suggest other experts in their region or country.

Were stakeholders actively involved or did they just participate?

Stakeholders were mere participants of the research prioritization process; they were not actively involved in the process.