Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) in South Africa: Engaging Multiple Constituents to Shape the Research Question

Mosavel et al. (2005) full text summary PDF

For which topic were research priorities identified?

cervical cancer

In which location was the research priority setting conducted?

Africa - South Africa

Why was it conducted at all?

Cervical cancer is a significant health problem in this community and elsewhere in South Africa. Unlike HIV-AIDS, however, many Black South Africans have not been educated about cervical cancer and the importance of obtaining screening. Many may not consider screening a priority in their lives.

What was the objective?

to consider primary behavioral prevention options for cervical cancer, including the possibility of educating young girls about the risk behaviors for cervical cancer

What was the outcome?

a list of 7 research topics

How long did the research prioritization take?

No information provided.

Which methods were used to identify research priorities?

focus group; interview

How were the priorities for research identified exactly?

Step 1: interviews: community visited to establish dialogue and credibility and to invite local critique and feedback. Step 2: 27 focus groups: introduction of project, feedback and support elicited, risk factors affecting the health and wellbeing of young girls broadly explored

Which stakeholders took part?

Youth, parents, local healthcare personnel, educators and school staff. Interviews: local health professionals, school officials, members of local and regional government, service providers, academics, youth groups, health promotion organizations, clinic workers, traditional healers, and women’s groups, community schools, the local clinic, the library, informal social halls, local businesses. Focus groups: 181 participants: 112 girls and boys in grades 8 through 10, 17 mothers, 34 educators, 11 school support staff, 7 community stakeholders.

How were stakeholders recruited?

Class lists from the four schools were used to randomly select adolescent participants from grades eight through ten.

Were stakeholders actively involved or did they just participate?

Stakeholders were mere participants of the research prioritization process; they were not actively involved in the process.