Burn Nursing Delphi Study: Setting Research Priorities

Marvin et al. (1991) full text summary PDF

For which topic were research priorities identified?

burn nursing

In which location was the research priority setting conducted?

North America - USA

Why was it conducted at all?

Research concerning patient care and practice issues is vital to the future development of the nursing profession. Because so few nurses in the practice setting are interested in and involved in research and because so few nurse researchers have entry to the practice setting to learn what needs to be done to solve practice-related issues, studies that identify research problems and set priorities are necessary to focus our efforts on research that can enhance patient care outcomes and nursing productivity.

What was the objective?

to assist burn nurses in directing their research efforts towards issues of primary importance to patient care and burn nursing practice, to develop programs of nursing research around the priorities identified, to encourag multicenter studies and replication of studies with several groups of patients

What was the outcome?

a ranking list of 44 research questions

How long did the research prioritization take?

No information provided.

Which methods were used to identify research priorities?

Delphi

How were the priorities for research identified exactly?

Step 1: Delphi round 1: participants were asked to submit three questions they considered of priority for welfare of patients with burns or burn nursing, 548 research questions submitted. Step 2: data processing: review of questions, rewording, combining, resulting in 101 research questions within 8 categories. Step 3: Delphi round 2: participants were asked to rate each of the 101 questions three times: regarding impact on the welfare of the patient with burns, regarding impact on the profession of burn nursing, and to state whether question should be addressed through nursing research or collaborative research. Step 4: Delphi round 3: participants were asked to re-rate based on group means of round 2 and state why question rated higher or lower than group mean. Step 5: Delphi round 4: participants were asked to re-rate again based on group mean of round 3, own rating and comments of round 3.

Which stakeholders took part?

Nurses in the field of burn nursing. Delphi round 1: 138 participants. Delphi round 2: 158 participants. 94 participants in all 4 rounds.

How were stakeholders recruited?

Head nurses of 198 burn care facilities were recruited who then distributed the questionnaires to the nurses.

Were stakeholders actively involved or did they just participate?

Stakeholders were mere participants of the research prioritization process; they were not actively involved in the process.