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Open Innovation is defined “as a distributed innovation process based on purposively managed knowledge flows across organizational boundaries, using pecuniary and non-pecuniary mechanisms in line with the organization's business model.” (Chesbrough and Bogers, 2014). Open Innovation builds on the idea that
Open innovation includes:
Not every insight from Open Innovation research and practice in the business context may be directly transferred to the science context. However, the underlying principles and methods of Open Innovation are relevant to everyone who wants to generate something new and valuable, independently of the context. Understanding that, for example, most smart people work somewhere else (Joy’s law) or that solving even the trickiest problems might be just a matter of how many people look at it (Linus’s law) is essential for innovation in the business and the science world. Which Open Innovation approaches and methods are particularly relevant in the science context – and at which stage in the process of generating and disseminating new scientific insight – is a matter of understanding relevant contingencies. Primarily, it's about choosing those approaches that will benefit science the most, and contribute to better connecting science, business and society.
Open Innovation in Science is an initiative of the Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft. The initiative’s core activities are developed, implemented and coordinated by the Open Innovation in Science Research and Competence Center (OIS Center) together with its international partner network.
Open Innovation in Science, an initiative of the the Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft initiative will be sponsored by the Austrian National Foundation for Research, Technology and Development.
The Open Innovation in Science initiative aims at facilitating a direct dialogue between science and society. Within the framework of CRIS (Crowdsourcing Research Questions in Science), people can be asked to contribute concrete problems, concerns / needs, proposed solutions, etc. From this, new research topics and questions are developed. In LOIS (Lab for Open Innovation in Science), scientists gain familiarity with state-of-the-art concepts relevant for Open Innovation in Science.
The Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft is a research institution with a thematic focus on medicine, life sciences and the humanities, social sciences and cultural sciences, and is specifically targeting new research topics in Austria.
Together with academic and implementing partners, the LBG is currently running 18 institutes and develops and tests new forms of collaboration between science and non-scientific actors such as companies, the public sector and civil society.
Socially relevant challenges, to which research can contribute, are to be recognized at an early stage and taken up. In 2016, the LBG Career Center, which is supporting around 200 pre- and postdocs, has been set up. In addition, the OIS Center (Open Innovation in Science Research and Competence Center), which is revealing the potential of open innovation to science, was launched.
The Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft employs up to 550 people. The total budget for the year 2016 amounted approximately 28.4 million euros, about 30 percent of the funds come from the budget of the Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy.
The acronym CRIS stands for Crowdsourcing Research Questions in Science.
New research ideas and questions are usually generated by researchers specialized in their respective fields. As such, they are limited to the capability of researchers and their scientific communities to identify potential gaps in the current literature. However, opening up this process to potential beneficiaries of the research (e.g., crowds of patients or medical professionals in the case of health sciences) holds the potential of identifying novel and relevant research questions that have previously not been considered. This bottom-up approach may provide important inspiration for individual researchers and research communities, and benefit the general society by linking societal challenges more closely to scientific research.
Crowdsourcing describes the way individual problems and tasks of an organization can be solved respectively, taken care of, with the help of crowed-based external knowledge carriers. This includes the use of various online platforms.
Core elements of crowdsourcing are
(Based on the definition by Daren C. Brabham, Crowdsourcing, MIT Press Essential Knowledge, 2013)
The goal of the Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft’s CRIS crowdsourcing project is to collect the concerns of those affected, as well as problems and proposed solutions. Crowdfunding, on the other hand, describes a type of financing which has no relevance for CRIS.
This crowdsourcing was not about generating ideas, but rather having participants submitted contributions about unsolved issues, unanswered questions and personal experience. Thus, the question of protection of intellectual property did not arise. All contributions were treated confidentially and are, of course, subject to data protection.
To date, crowdsourcing in science has only been used in very few cases. An example is the Harvard case in which the question "What do we not know about how to cure type 1 diabetes?" was asked and answered in a comprehensive crowdsourcing process. The Harvard Medical School not only wanted to find new solutions regarding type 1 diabetes, but to generally examine how open innovation could be used in a scientific research process, i.e. concerning the formulation of research questions or the evaluation of research applications.
To a large extent, the project was financed by the National Institute of Health, the national research agency in the USA. The use of tax revenues for such a project, in combination with one of the most renowned universities in the world – suggests that the theme open innovation in science is of top relevance internationally.
The acronym LOIS stands for Lab for Open Innovation in Science. LOIS is a professional development program for scientists, it provides:
LOIS enables scientists to learn about and experiment with principles and methods of Open Innovation along the entire scientific research process from generating research questions to eventually translating scientific knowledge into innovation. By doing so, LOIS aims at contributing to improving scientific research processes and outcomes in terms of novelty, efficiency and societal impact.
LOIS addresses researchers and scientists from universities and other research organizations who
Subject to the LOIS format, participants need to demonstrate…
HOW MANY PARTICIPANTS ARE ACCEPTED?
Subject to the LOIS format, LOIS is limited to 25 participants to enable problem-based learning in interactive workshop formats.
LOIS is open to scientists from all scientific disciplines.
HOW MUCH TIME DO PARTICIPANTS NEED TO INVEST?
Subject to the LOIS format, participants can expect
The language of instruction is English, oral and written fluency is mandatory.
WHAT IS THE TUITION FEE?
The tuition fee varies subject to the LOIS format. For the 2018/2019 LOIS One-year program, the tuition fee is € 5,500,- (Early bird rate € 4,500.-).
The LOIS faculty body consists of leading Open Innovation and Open Science experts from international universities, research institutions and companies.
The academic director is Marion Poetz, innovation professor at Copenhagen Business School and scientific director of the Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft’s Open Innovation in Science Research and Competence Center (OIS Center).
WHAT MAKES THIS PROGRAM DIFFERENT TO OTHER TRAINING PROGRAMS?
Let’s have our LOIS Alumni answer this question:
“I signed up for LOIS hoping to improve my research...but I left with vastly more. The program covered a lot of information, delivered in concise chunks that were easy to absorb. Marion and her colleagues have obviously put a lot of thought and expertise into designing LOIS, as the structure was clear, logical and effective. But it wasn’t just about the new knowledge. The main benefits came from doing assignments, receiving individual feedback and interacting with many renowned international experts and other participants.”
Andrea Olschweski, Vice-President for Medicine, Johannes Kepler University Linz
“LOIS offered a thorough overview of several aspects of Open Innovation, delivered by a competent and highly committed faculty. The curriculum was carefully designed to give a conceptual overview of the different topics, provide “tools of the trade” to start implementing Open Innovation in Science principles and encourage to broaden and deepen the understanding of it. Apart from the carefully designed curriculum, it was also the intense and inspiring interaction with the fellow participants that proved to be the biggest surprise of the course — it helped to develop a truly interdisciplinary approach towards Open Science and Open Innovation and rekindled the passion to implement it in my professional environment. Looking back I am still surprised how much of the LOIS input is now reflected in my daily work and shaping the planning and design of future projects.”
Benedikt Salmen, Scientific Coordinator, International Graduate Program Medical Neurosciences, Charité
“LOIS offers scientists the opportunity to gain a deeper insight in the application of their research and translation of scientific results into social, economic and technological impact while keeping transparency, openness and efficiency in mind. Participants of this unique program manage to improve both their scientific and business skills, while broadening their network and collaborative potential. For me as a scientist, this differentiator resulted in several interesting opportunities in pursuing my career goals and it has helped the further development of my ongoing research projects.”
Slaven Stekovic, Researcher, Institute of Molecular Biosciences, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz / Managing Director, TLL The Longevity Labs GmbH